As more coal was needed to heat the salt pans, coal mining started in the area. In 686, the community was taken over by Ceolfrid, and Wearmouth monastery and its other site in Jarrow became very important places of learning in Anglo-Saxon England. Sunderland became a city in 1992. The initial relocation plan had been for a stadium to be situated alongside the Nissan factory, but these were abandoned in favour of the Stadium of Light at Monkwearmouth on the site of a colliery that had closed at the end of 1993.[27]. Sunderland was the one of the most heavily bombed areas in England during World War II. Governance. Housing, shopping parks and business centres have been built where the shipbuilding yards were. The Mackem accent and dialect is often mistaken for Geordie by people not from the region, as the two tongues sound very similar in pronunciation and diction. McFly played there in April 2007. The Bridges Shopping Centre covers much of the City Centre and was opened in 1988. Sunderland er ein industri- og hamneby i Tyne and Wear i England.Fram til 1974 utgjorde han eit distrikt i Durham, men han vart så innlema i City of Sunderland i Tyne and Wear. Kon ang usa ka internal nga sumpay ang midala kanimo dinhi, palihog tabangi kami sa pag-ugmad sa Wikipedya pinaagi sa pag-edit aron modiretso sa target nga artikulo ang maong sumpay! Only the famous Iron Bridge itself is older, but Wearmouth bridge was over twice as long and only three-quarters the weight of the Iron Bridge. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society. Sunderland does not have a big music venue such as the MetroRadio Arena or the Carling Academy in Newcastle. The Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art on Fawcett Street and Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens showcase exhibitions and installations from up-and-coming and established artists alike, with the latter holding an extensive collection of Lowry's work. [6] It was designed for trains to run across, too, but the railway section was never completed. The only Liberal Party councillor sat with the only Liberal Democrat as a "Liberal/Democrat" group. The reorganisation of electoral areas saw major changes in all but two wards, but the elections of 10 June 2004, the first fought under the new boundaries, saw little change in the political representation of the City as a whole, with 61 Labour, 12 Conservative, and 2 Liberal Democrat councillors elected. When cholera broke out in 1831, the "select vestrymen", as the church councillors were called, did not know what to do about the epidemic. It also hosts a large ice rink in Mowbray Park, which is part of the wider, regional North East Winter Festival. Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency), from 1832 to 1950 Sunderland A.F.C., a professional football team Alice in Sunderland, a comics history by Bryan Talbot of the Sunderland area and its connections to Lewis Carroll; Sunderland A.F.C. On the 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland hosted the BBC Radio 1 Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. It was the second iron bridge ever built. Pronunciation . 16 km-re délkeletre fekszik.Lakossága 174 ezer fő volt 2011-ben. Here, 89.4% are white, 7.8% are Asian and 1.3% are mixed-race. This is why he is often called The father of English history. Since the transfer in 2000 there have been a lot of improvements to the quality of social housing in the city. More recently, Doves and Tim Burgess have performed DJ sets on club nights, and in summer 2007 the club hosted gigs from established bands such as The Zutons and The Maccabees. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts, and has attracted Deacon Blue and Journey South to the city in recent years. Sunderland won the FA Women's Premier League Northern Division in 2004–05 to reach the top tier National Division. The event was held at Herrington Country Park, in the shadow of Penshaw Monument and was attended by 30,000 visitors.[22][23]. It has been in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle since the Catholic bishops returned in 1850. After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, and 1 independent. Sunderland város az Egyesült Királyságban, Anglia északi területén, a Tyne and Wear grófságban. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. Women, who have been financially separated from the men's team since summer 2005. Seit 1974 ist die Stadt der namensgebende Kernort des größeren Metropolitan Borough City of Sunderland. The University of Sunderland is a university located in Sunderland in the North East of England.Its predecessor, Sunderland Technical College, was established as a municipal training college in 1901.It gained university status in 1992. [citation needed]. Bands and musicians from Yorkshire and North East England, FA Women's Premier League National Division. Rowland Burdon MP pushed for the Wearmouth Bridge, which was built in 1796. Local government was divided between the three churches (Holy Trinity, Sunderland, St. Michael's, Bishopwearmouth, and St. Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth). Climat. A new parish of Sunderland was created and Holy Trinity, Sunderland parish church was built. Today, the road leading to where the pans were is still called Pann's Bank. Corning Glass Works was one of the last. Sunderland is in North East England.It was a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear.It sits at the mouth of the River Wear.. Sunderland started as three small villages: Monkwearmouth was created in 674 when Saint Benedict Biscop started a monastery.Monkwearmouth is on the north side of the river. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne. The former shipyard areas along the River Wear have also been transformed. Sunderland is in North East England. Much of the city is on a low range of hills running parallel to the coast. The metropolitan borough was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of the Queen's accession. Biscop's monastery was the first monastery built of stone in Northumbria. As a result, the boundaries were redrawn; Sunderland lost one ward and Washington gained one. The City has 25 such wards. Sunderland is home to a Nissan car manufacturing plant. Sunderland Museum has a big collection of LS Lowry. [10] There is a statue to Carroll in Whitburn library. A multimillion-pound transport interchange at Park Lane was opened on 2 May 1999 by the then Brookside actor Michael Starke. The Jewish community has been shrinking since the mid 20th century. Two became independent members; one joined the Liberal Democrat party, becoming group leader after the 2004 municipal elections.[5]. It was given a. St. Peter's Campus of the University of Sunderland; North Haven, executive housing and marina at the old North Dock at Roker; the National Glass Centre, by St. Peter's Church; the Stadium of Light the 49,000-capacity home of Sunderland A.F.C. Other. In the past it has also welcomed major bands such as The Beatles and The Kinks. (Link to map using Googleor other map sites) Location Map] Address: 1. This was good for Sunderland's business, because Parliament blockaded (blocked) the Tyne. It was the first British town to be affected by 'Indian cholera' epidemic. The port was blockaded, so that ships could not spread the disease to other ports. A new Metro station was built underneath the bus concourse to provide a direct interchange as part of the extension to South Hylton in 2002. Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. In 1589, salt making started in Sunderland. Each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. The Empire is the only theatre between Leeds and Glasgow big enough to put on such shows.[24]. But some fine old buildings remain. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. Juni 1995 in Salem, Oregon) ist eine US-amerikanische Pornodarstellerin. Around this time, Sunderland was also known as 'Sunderland-near-the-Sea'.[3]. The crew of HMS Ocean regularly visit the city. Instead of the old industry new developments have been built, including: Sunderland Corporation's massive post-war housing estate developments, such as Farringdon, Pennywell, Grindon, Hylton Red House, Hylton Castle, Thorney Close and Town End Farm, together with earlier developments, have all passed into the ownership of Gentoo (once caleed Sunderland Housing Group), a private company and a "Registered Social Landlord". Between 1939 and 1945 the Wear yards launched 245 merchant ships totalling 1.5 million tons, a quarter of the merchant tonnage produced in the UK at this period. The Sunniside area now includes an Empire Cinema, Gala Casino and many surrounding eateries. The area of Castletown is made up of 99.3% white, 0.4% Asian and 0.2% mixed-race. This means Never Despair, Trust In God. also hail from Washington in the City. They currently play in the top tier of English women's football - FA Women's Premier League National Division, despite their financial struggles. Son emplacement dans le secteur abrité ((en)rain shadow) des Pennines, ainsi que dans d'autres chaînes de montagnes à l'ouest, telles que celles du Lake District et du sud-ouest de l'Écosse, fait de Sunderland l'une des villes les moins pluvieuses du nord de l'Angleterre. The Port of Sunderland was expanded in the 1850s when the Hudsons Dock were built for the River Wear Commissioners. For a more detailed list, see List of famous residents of Sunderland. Glass has been made in Sunderland for around 1,500 years. Although the city does not have a Cathedral, as it is located in the Diocese of Durham, it does have Sunderland Minster. Der AFC Sunderland (offiziell: Sunderland Association Football Club) auch bekannt als The Black Cats ist ein englischer Fußballverein aus Sunderland im Nordosten von England. [23], Sunderland was named "The Facebook Capital of Britain" by the BBC in February 2010. EPA/FELIPE TRUEBA EDITORIAL USE ONLY According to census statistics, 81.5% of Sunderland residents class themselves as Christian, 9.6% have no religion, 0.7% are Muslim and 7.6% did not wish to give their religion. Holi… Lewis Carroll was also a visitor to the Rectory of Holy Trinity Church, Southwick, beforeSouthwick became a part of Sunderland. Being on the coast, Sunderland is a little warmer in the winter than the national average, but a little cooler in summer. Sunderland. Se sijaitsee Wearjoen suulla Pohjanmeren rannikolla. A Rabbi from Holland was working in the city in 1790. It is served by Northern Rail services between Newcastle and Middlesbrough, and Grand Central services to York and London[36]. Many Sunderland Jews left for bigger Jewish communities in Britain or to Israel. Sunderland has the motto of Nil Desperandum Auspice Deo. Chapel Queen Alexandra Road Sunderland England SR2 9BT United Kingdom 1. At the elections of May 2007, the Labour Party continued their decline. English Wikipedia has an article on: Sunderland. Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland.[19]. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. The Manor Quay, the students' union on the campus of the University of Sunderland has also hosted the Arctic Monkeys, Maxïmo Park, 911, the Levellers and Girls Aloud in the past three years. Vaux in Sunderland and Wards Brewing Company in Sheffield had been part of the Vaux Group, when both breweries closed the group started to concentrate on its hotels which were in The Swallow Group. In 1986, when Tyne and Wear Metropolitan County Council was abolished, most county functions became the responsibility of the constituent districts, whilst new joint boards assumed the co-ordinating roles in the county. Lewis Carroll often visited to the area. The central business district of Sunderland has also been redeveloped and improveed. But in December of that year, cholera was in Gateshead and it spread across the country, killing about 32,000 people. Like all metropolitan authorities, the city is divided into a number of wards or electoral districts. Sunderland yew sûka dewleta Qraliya Yewbiyayiya. In 2001, the most ethnically mixed ward of the city was the (now abolished) Thornholme area - just to the south of the city centre Thornholme included the suburbs of Ashbrooke and Eden Vale. The club played in the Premier League in the 2005/2006 season, they finished bottom. [21] It also has its own local radio station Sun FM, a community radio station Spark FM and a hospital radio station - Radio Sunderland for Hospitals, and can receive other north-eastern independent radio stations Metro Radio, Greatest Hits North East, Capital North East and Heart North East. Sunderland – miasto przemysłowe i port w Wielkiej Brytanii, w północno-wschodniej Anglii, nad Morzem Północnym, u ujścia rzeki Wear.Wchodzi w skład hrabstwa Tyne and Wear, w dystrykcie Sunderland.. Liczba mieszkańców: 177 739, zespół miejski – 182 974 () Sunderland was made a municipal borough of County Durham in 1835. Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. The giant Nissan factory moved in, and new service industries arrived. Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens, on Borough Road, was the first publically funded museum in the country outside London. The modern City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. At Christmas, Sunderland has a German market in the city centre selling German-made wooden goods, and German food. [5] Farther up the river, another bridge, the Queen Alexandra Bridge, was built in 1910, linking the areas of Pallion and Southwick. Sunderland a 7. században alapított és Beda Venerabilis által is lakott klastrom körül keletkezett. Sunderland's economy began to get better after the 1980s. A city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England. The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. When the water boiled, the salt was left behind. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and who was in turn defeated by him in 2004. The Sunderland Stadium of Light has hosted regular concerts since 2009, including the likes of Oasis, Take That, Coldplay, Kings of Leon and Red Hot Chili Peppers. The Victoria Hall was used until 1941 when it was destroyed by a German bomb.[12]. Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK is located in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North East England. [19] It has also played host to an annual season from the Birmingham Royal Ballet for over ten years. Sunderland (kondado), Inglatera, Kining maong panid sa pagklaro nagtala sa mga artikulo nga may samang titulo. The brewery was finally closed in July 1999. Echo 24 luxury apartments near the city centre. The borough had a population of 275,400 at the time of the 2011 census, with the majority of the population (174,286) residing in Sunderland. The Local Government Act 1972 created two different two-tier systems for local administration, with different division of functions. Sunderland on noin 175 000 asukkaan rannikkokaupunki ja 277 000 asukkaan metropolihallintopiiri (metropolitan borough) Tyne ja Wearin metropolikreivikunnassa Koillis-Englannissa.